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Wednesday 17th January 2018

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A nursing specialization is a nursing specialty integrating Nursing science, computer science and information science in identifying collecting, processing and managing data and information to support nursing practice, administration, education, research and the expansion of knowledge. This specialization allow the nurses to work within the Information System (IS) department so that nursing issues can be Integrated at the beginning of computer projects rather than just evaluating the problem for nursing when the project is complete.

Nursing Information studies the structure and processing of Nursing information to arrive at clinical decision and build system to support and automate that processing.

An informatics nurse has a diverse role that ranges from designing, developing marketing and testing implementation, training, use, maintenance, evaluation and enhancement of computer system.


In every profession, there is a route of entry that permits individual to begin a course. Currently, a student who aspire to be a nurse enter the school of Nursing a three year programme leading to award of Registered Nurse (RN) certificate. He/She must posses five credits at O’level or if being more ambitious may write the Joint Admission & Matriculation Board examination, thereby gaining admission into 5 years bachelor of Nursing Science degree programme. Before nurses qualify after either obtaining a two year programme in midwifery schools and some through the school of Psychiatry Nursing.

Importantly, there are four categories of nurses which are General Nurse, Psychiatric Nurse, Midwife, BNSc/Bsc holder are all qualified nurses with the level of seniority determined by individual year of registration with the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria.

Nursing Education is the form of teaching including practical, field works e.t.c expressed to student Nurses within three years to obtain Register Nurse Certificate. There are about 61 Schools of Nursing offering Nursing at different state of the federation. Also, there are also degree awarding institution and higher degree institution.

Also, there are Post Basic School rendering one year or one and half years as a speciality in various aspect of nursing namely midwifery, psychiatry, perioperative, anesthera, cardiothoracic, renal, accident & emergency, paedictics, intensive care units e.t.c. There are also requirements for them which individual Registered Nurse with at least 1 yr of clinical experience but for public health nursing the requirement include a RN & RM as any other Post Basic with a minimum of 5 years experience.

Equal importantly, there are also various institutions offering same certificate in Nursing E.g Oyo State College of Advance of Nursing Studies (OSCANS) which was started in 1995 and was affiliated to LAUTECH (Ladoke Akintola University of Technology) give aword advanced certificate in Nursing Student. Also a school for training of Nurse tutor which was started at around 1968 trained nurses for registered nurse tutor certificate. Moreover, sandwich Nursing degree programme are being offered by Obafemi Awolowo University and LAUTECH which will started before 2008 ends offered 5 years part time courses (weekend lecturer) to award a degree certificate.

Basically, nursing practice it is classified into two namely: Bureaucratic/Public practice & Private practice.


These are the Careers available in Nursing:

General Nursing, Psychiatry nursing, Penoperative Nursing, Public Health Nursing, Opthalmic Nursing, Orthopaedic Nursing, Paediatric Nursing, Midwifery, Anaesthetic Nurse, Accident and Emergency, Intensive care Nurse, Nurse Administrator, Midwife Education, Nurse Educator, Public Health Nurse Educator.


. GENERAL NURSING PROGRAMME Admission Requirements Candidates for admission into the General Nursing Education Programme of the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria must posses the Senior Secondary School Certificate or its equivalent with five credits to include English Language and either Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Health Science at not more than 2 sittings. Institutions of learning: Sixty-Eight (68) Schools of Nursing in Nigeria. (See full list of all approved Schools of Nursing in Nigeria). Duration of Training: Three Calendar Years. Registration Obtainable: Registered Nurse (RN) .

2. POST BASIC MIDWIFERY PROGRAMME Admission Requirements: The Candidate must be a Registered Nurse and must also meet all institutional Requirements. Institutions of Learning: Sixty-Five (65) Schools of Post Basic Midwifery in Nigeria. (See full list of approved Schools of Midwifery in Nigeria). Duration of Training: One Calendar Year. Registration Obtainable: Registered Midwife (RM)

3. POST BASIC PSYCHIATRIC NURSING PROGRAMME Admission Requirements: The Candidate must be a Registered Nurse and must also meet all institutional Requirements. Institutions of Learning: Eight (8) School of Post Basic Psychiatric Nursing in Nigeria. (See full list of approved Schools of Psychiatric Nursing in Nigeria). Duration of Training: One Calendar Year. Registration Obtainable: Registered Psychiatric Nurse (RPN) .

4. BACHELOR OF NURSING SCIENCE DEGREE PROGRAMME (B.N.Sc.) Admission Requirements: Five Credits level passes in WASC/SSCE or its equivalent at not more than two sittings. Subject must include English Language, Chemistry, Biology, Physics and Mathematics. Candidate must also meet all institutional requirements. Institutions of Learning: Universities offering the programme. (See full list of Nigerian Universities offering B. N. Sc Degree Programmes). Duration of Training: Five Years plus one year intership in a recognized Health Care institution. Academic Qualification Obtainable: Bachelor of Nursing Science Degree. Registration Obtainable: Registered Nurse (RN), Registered Midwife (RM), Registered Public Health Nurse (RPHN).

5. HIGHER DEGREES IN NURSING Admission Requirements As obtainable in the different Universities offering higher degrees in Nursing. Institutions of Learning: Nigerian Universities offering higher degree in Nursing. (See full list of these Universities). Academic Qualification Obtainable: Master of Philosophy, Doctor of Philisophy.


Public Practice

This involves practicing as a nurse in a government institution/establishment such as clinic, hospitals, ministry and parastatals. They have a lot of regulation that govern the practice but there are no specific standard to particularly follow. For instance, the way a nurse in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) practice is quite different from the one of his counterpart in University Teaching Hospital (UCH) practice. The trending that as you go from primary to tertiary through secondary health care, you possibly drop some responsibility along the line.

Private Practice

This involves practicing as a nurse in a private setting/institution E.g. Clinic, Hospital. This practice has been on before independence but not a single law after land mentioned it until 1988, when Nursing and Midwifery Council decrees give legal be very to it (check 1992 N & WCN degree in its Section 22)

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